Best Agricultural Countries in the World
Agriculture serves as the backbone of the economy of any country, without which it would collapse and may face a serious financial breakdown. Therefore, the countries with the most agricultural land and highly cultivated soil has a sufficiently strong economy and earns an ample amount of profit from its export.
Agriculture is mostly confused with the mere cultivation of crops; rather it is a broad term that includes not only farming of plants but also farming of animals like cattle and fish. In a bird’s eye view, agriculture is a source of food which is the basic necessity of every living being hence proved to be significant.
Moreover, agriculture is a job brewing industry, acting as a source of income to millions of people of a country.
Countries that have the richest soil and most cultivated land are best described as the agricultural states, their production rate is far more than the others, and alone agriculture can uplift the economy of the country through various exports. But there is not a set criterion to determine the most productive; some countries are rich in crop farming, and some are rich in animal farming whereas some are in both. So to explore, let’s discuss the top ten agricultural countries of the world.
On its land area, Spain is one of the largest countries in Europe. The country has 13.9 million hectares of land with permanent meadows and pastures and with 5 million hectares additionally cultivated, the rest accounts for the forests and industrial area.
The most produced agricultural products of Spain are citrus fruits, Olive oil, cereal grains, vegetables, and wine. Spain is also famous as the foremost exporter of mandarin and oranges in the world.
Belgium’s agricultural sector started to flourish after the recent development of technologies and scientific research for crops which helped to produce significantly high yields. The whole sector is divided into crop production and livestock.
Mineral-rich lands of Belgium are popular to produce good quality potatoes, sugar beets, corn, barley wheat, different vegetables, and fruits. Almost 35% of the farms of the country are utilized for crop production.
More than 37.1 % of the total land area of 29.4 million ha is under cultivation in the country. The total agriculture in the country accounts for the 5% share of the GDP of the country.
There are a number of privately owned farms that dominate the sector, but recent efforts by the government have greatly boosted the production so much that it has brought the country among the top eight in the world.
“Riding on the sheep’s back” is what has been said about the Australian economy as the major production of wool through its livestock. Animal farming in Australia is not only producing quality wool but also enough meat to export.
The country’s agricultural sector has also thrived in crop production which includes many bowls of cereal, fruits, and vegetables.
Hence Canada is considered to be one of the largest exporters and producers of agricultural products in the world.
5. UNITED KINGDOM
Out of the total land of the country, almost 6% of it is used for farming and cultivation which describes the extensive agricultural growth in the country which is currently employing more than 46000 people.
The entire agricultural sector contributes about £9.9 billion to the country’s economy and GDP. There is a particularly rural area where farming is most seen as the East Anglia and South West of UK.
Though agriculture is a small fraction of the country’s economy it has sustained its production to higher values and added to 2% of its share to the total GDP of the country.
Germany is most famous for its grain and potato production which are not only used within the different regions of the country but also exported to many parts of the world. It gives Germany and its agricultural sector an important status in the world.
The Netherlands, also known as Holland by many of us is the third-largest agricultural state in the world not because of the area it covers but the number of acres used for cultivation and the tons of crops it produces each year.
The country is blessed with both perennial and biennial crop production. Farms are used using the latest research and mechanical equipment by experienced farmers.
Almost 27% of the total has now been brought under the seasonal and permanent cultivation of crops. Natural grasslands are also there which accounts for 54% of the total share of land.
France is considered to be the agricultural center of Europe for many years. Thus it is the major role player in the economy of the whole region. It is the leading agricultural country in not only Europe but also of the world.
It has about 730,000 farms covering an extensive area of land and involving a workforce of 7% in the various sectors of farming, forestry, and fishing. The agricultural revolution was brought about in the country after 2001 when many of the qualified experts started pouring into the industry and improved the quality of the production.
1. UNITED STATES
The major exporter of food, the US has the largest agriculture industry with the most developed and highly efficient agriculture. The state has introduced the latest seed improvement techniques and the phenomenon of hybridization to attain the best quality of crop and profit.
According to the most recent census, the country has about 2.2 million farms which cover about 922 million acres of land.