Home Travel & Adventure Becoming an EU Citizen By Marriage: How Long Does It Take?

Becoming an EU Citizen By Marriage: How Long Does It Take?


Becoming an EU Citizen By Marriage!

Citizenship by marriage is one of the easiest routes to becoming a passport holder of one of the European Union Member States.

However, the procedures and period of acquiring citizenship or residence rights in EU countries through marriage depend on the country’s citizenship and immigration laws which differ among the bloc.

Yet, there are some general guidelines applied in the majority of the countries in the bloc, including:

  • One of the spouses must be a legal citizen of an EU Member County- it allows then the non-EU spouse to apply for citizenship or residency based on the marriage.
  • The non-EU spouse should first obtain residency rights in the EU country where their spouse is a legal citizen after the residency permit enables the non-EU spouse to live legally in this country.
  • The non-EU spouse will be eligible to apply for citizenship after residing in the EU country for a specific period.

While in most EU countries, the rule for non-EU citizens is to cohabitate with their EU partner for at least three years, in some other countries, this process can be finished for a shorter or longer period of time, depending on which bloc’s country non-EU citizens are moving to.

Spain Offers the Fastest Route to Citizenship Through Marriage

Non-EU nationals married to Spaniards are eligible to acquire citizenship in just one year.

If a person is not married to a Spanish citizen, they may wait for more than ten years before qualifying for Spanish nationality, but gaining citizenship through marriage in Spain is among the fastest and easier ways to do so.

However, Spaniard’s partner should live in the country during those 12 months.

Countries in Which You Should Reside for 3 Years to Acquire Citizenship

In several EU countries, the non-EU individual is required to live for three years in a specific country after marriage.

At present, this rule is applied in the following countries:

  • France
  • Greece
  • Germany
  • Luxembourg
  • Netherlands
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Slovenia
  • Sweden

The following countries apply for five-year residence in order to acquire citizenship:

  • Belgium
  • Czech Republic
  • Estonia
  • Iceland
  • Malta
  • Norway
  • Slovakia

Other states apply different rules. For example, in Latvia, the non-EU partner should live for at least seven years, while in other countries such as Hungary and Latvia, the period of residency required is longer.

However, some countries do not offer non-EU nationals the opportunity to acquire citizenship through marriage, such as Finland.

“If your spouse lives permanently in Finland, you may be eligible to receive a residence permit in Finland based on marriage. However, a marriage does not guarantee a residence permit,” the statement of InfoFinland reads.

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Monte OZ
Monte OZ is a highly accomplished and respected international freelance journalist, travel and active adventure reporter, and leading entertainment & lifestyle blogger based in Africa. With a passion for storytelling, a sense of adventure, and an eye for all things captivating, Monte has become a prominent figure in the world of travel, entertainment, and lifestyle journalism. Born and raised in Africa, Monte developed a deep appreciation for the continent's diverse cultures, rich heritage, and vibrant entertainment scene. His upbringing fueled his desire to share Africa's untold stories and showcase its dynamic lifestyle to a global audience. Monte's extensive experience and expertise have made him a sought-after authority on all things related to travel, adventure, entertainment, and lifestyle in Africa. As an international freelance journalist, Monte has made significant contributions to various prestigious publications worldwide. His captivating articles, insightful interviews, and engaging features have graced the pages of leading entertainment magazines, lifestyle publications, and reputable news outlets. Monte's unique ability to capture the essence of Africa's entertainment and lifestyle scene has garnered widespread acclaim and recognition. With a love for exploration and a thirst for adrenaline, Monte also thrives as an active adventure reporter. He has embarked on daring expeditions, immersing himself in Africa's wild landscapes, and documenting his adrenaline-pumping experiences. Whether it's conquering treacherous peaks, exploring remote jungles, or engaging in heart-pounding activities, Monte's adventurous spirit and daring escapades inspire readers to embrace their own sense of adventure. In addition to his work in journalism and adventure reporting, Monte is a leading entertainment & lifestyle blogger in Africa. Through his influential blog, he offers readers an insider's view of the continent's vibrant entertainment scene, trendy hotspots, fashion trends, culinary delights, and cultural experiences. Monte's unique blend of storytelling, personal insights, and expert recommendations has made his blog a go-to resource for entertainment and lifestyle enthusiasts seeking the pulse of Africa's dynamic culture. Beyond his professional pursuits, Monte is a passionate advocate for promoting Africa's talent, creativity, and cultural diversity. He actively supports and champions emerging artists, musicians, designers, and entrepreneurs, helping to showcase their work to a broader audience. Monte's dedication to promoting Africa's vibrant entertainment and lifestyle industry has positioned him as a respected influencer and tastemaker within the African and global entertainment communities. With a commitment to excellence, a passion for exploration, and a talent for captivating storytelling, Monte Oz continues to captivate audiences worldwide. As an international freelance journalist, travel and active adventure reporter, and leading entertainment & lifestyle blogger, his work has left an indelible mark on the world of journalism, travel, and entertainment, solidifying his position as a trusted authority and go-to resource for all things related to African travel, adventure, and lifestyle.